Fabrication and Investigation of Se-Ge Glass-Ceramics in the Presence of Ga and Sn Additives

Document Type : Original Research Article


1 Department of Material Engineering, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran

2 Department of Material Engineering, University of Tabriz , Tabriz, Iran.

3 Department of Material Engineering, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran


The Chalcogenide glasses were fabricated by melting and quenching techniques in the Se-Ge system at the presence of 1mol% Ga and 3, 5, and 7mol% Sn. Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) analysis was conducted to extract the heat treatment of the samples. Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy analysis was also performed in a range of 2-16µm. The Glass samples were heat-treated at 450°C for 1-10h. The precipitated nanoparticles were observed using a Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope (FESEM). The crystal size was reported in the range of 100-1000nm. The precipitated phases were identified using X-ray Diffraction (XRD) analysis on Glass-Ceramics powder. The increase in hardness of the Glass-Ceramics was reported in the range of 200-250Kg.mm-2.


Main Subjects

1.     Zakery A., Elliott S. R., "Optical nonlinearities in chalcogenide glasses and their applications", Vol. 135, Berlin: Springer, (2007).
2.     Hewak, D. W., Brady, D., Curry, R. J., Elliott, G., Huang, C. C., Hughes, M., Knight, K., Mairaj, A., Petrovich, M. N., Simpson, R., Sproat, C., "Chalcogenide glasses for photonics device applications", Photonic Glass and Glass-Ceramics, (2010), 29–102.
3.     Bureau, B., Zhang, X. H., Smektala, F., Adam, J. L., Troles, J., Ma, H. L., Boussard-Plèdel, C., Lucas, J., Lucas, P., Le Coq, D., Riley, M. R., "Recent advances in chalcogenide glasses", Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 345, (2004), 276–283.
4.     Lin, C., Calvez, L., Ying, L., Chen, F., Shen, X., Dai, S., Zhang, X., "External influence on third-order optical nonlinearity of transparent chalcogenide glass-ceramics", Applied Physics A, Vol. 104, No. 2, (2011), 615–620.
5.     Abd-Elrahman, M. I., Hafiz, M. M., Abdelraheem, A. M., Abu-Sehly, A. A., "Effect of Sn additive on the structure and crystallization kinetics in Ge–Se alloy", Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Vol. 675, (2016), 1-7.
6.     Roze, M., Calvez, L., Ledemi, Y., Allix, M., Matzen, G., Zhang, X. H., "Optical and mechanical properties of glasses and glass–ceramics based on the Ge–Ga–Se system", Journal of the American Ceramic Society, Vol. 91, No. 11, (2008), 3566-3570.
7.     Abdel-Rahim, M. A., Hafiz, M. M., Shamekh, A. M., "A study of crystallization kinetics of some Ge–Se–In glasses", Physica B: Condensed Matter, Vol. 369, No. 1-4, (2005), 143–154.
8.     Ghayebloo, M., Rezvani, M., Tavoosi, M., "Fabrication and structural characterization of se-ge chalcogenide glasses by means of melt quenching technique, Advanced Ceramics Progress, Vol. 3, No. 2, (2017), 7–13.
9.     Bavafa, P., Rezvani, M., "Effect of Sn doping in optical properties of Se-Ge glass and glass-ceramics", Results in Physics, Vol. 10, (2018), 777–83.
10.   Fayek, S. A., "The effects of Sn addition on properties and structure in Ge–Se chalcogenide glass", Infrared Physics & Technology, Vol. 46, No. 3, (2005), 193–198.
11.   Huang, Y., Chen, F., Qiao, B., Dai, S., Nie, Q., Zhang, X., "Improved nonlinear optical properties of chalcogenide glasses in Ge-Sn-Se ternary system by thermal treatment", Optical Materials Express, Vol. 6, No. 5, (2016),1644–1652.
12.   Kumari, V., Kaswan, A., Patidar, D., Saxena, N.S., Sharma, K., "measurements of Ge-Se-Sn chalcogenide glassy alloys", Processing and Application of Ceramics, Vol. 9, No. 1, (2016), 61–66.
13.   Ma, H., Zhang, X., Lucas, J., "Infrared transmitting chalcogenide glass ceramics", Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Vol. 317, No. 3, (2003), 270–274.
14.   Calvez, L., "Transparent chalcogenide glass-ceramics", In Chalcogenide Glasses, (pp 310–343), Woodhead Publishing, (2014).
15.   Ahmadpour, S., Rezvani, M., Bavafa, P., "The effect of Sn on the physical and optical properties of (Se0.6As0.1Ge0.3)100-xSnx glasses", Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, Vol. 205, (2018), 258–263.
16.           Fouad, S. S., Fayek, S. A., Ali, M. H., "Physical evolution  and glass forming tendency of Ge1-xSnxSe2.5 amorphous system", Vacuum, Vol. 49, No. 1, (1998), 25–30.