Luminescence Properties of Oxyfluoride Glass and Glass Ceramic Doped with Y3 + Ions


Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran


 Oxyfluoride glass ceramics containing CaF2 nano-crystals doped with Y3+ ions were prepared by one-step crystallization of SiO2- Al2O3- CaO- CaF2 glasses at different temperatures. X- ray diffraction (XRD) results have revealed that CaF2 was the only precipitated crystalline phase in glass ceramic samples. According to the XRD results, a glass ceramic was selected as the best sample in order to compare its optical properties with basic glass. Photoluminescence (PL) and UV-Vis spectra have been employed to study optical properties of glass and glass ceramic samples. A broad band emission in the visible region was observed, which was stronger in the glassy sample. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) observation and EDX (Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy) results proved the entrance of Y3+ ions into only some of the crystals embedded in the glassy matrix, which was the rational reason of photoluminescence intensity decrease in glass-ceramic.


Main Subjects

Open Access

This is an open access article under the CC BY license (

1. Nazabal, V., Poulain, M., Olivier, M., Pirasteh, P., Camy, P., Dualan, J.-L., Guy S., Djouama T., Boultarfaia, A. and Adam, J. L., "Fluoride and oxyfluoride glasses for optical applications", Journal of Fluorine Chemistry,Vol. 134, (2012), 18-23. 
2. Stevenson, A.J., Serier- Brault, H., Gredin, P. and Mortier, M., "Fluoride materials for optical applications: Single crystals, ceramics, glasses and glass- ceramics", Journal of Fluorine Chemistry, Vol.132, No. 12, (2011), 1165-1173.
3. Wang, Y. and Ohwaki, J., "New transparent vitroceramics codoped with Er3+and Yb3+ for efficient frequency upconversion", Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 63, No. 24, (1993), 3268-3270. 
4. Kishi, Y. and Tanabe, S., "Infrared- to- visible upconversion for rare- earth doped glass ceramics containing CaF2 crystals", Journal of Alloys and Compounds,Vol. 408-412, (2006), 842-844.
5. Goncalves, M. C.,Santos, L. F. and Almedia, R.M., "Rare-earthdoped transparent glass ceramics", Comptes Rendus Chimie, Vol. 5, No. 12, (2002), 845-854. 
6. Zhang, X., Bureau, B., Lucas, P., Boussard- Pedel, C. and Lucas J.,"Glasses for seeing beyond visible", Chemistry - A European Journal,Vol. 14, No. 2, (2008), 432-442. 
7. Galca, A.C., Preda, N., Secu, C.E., Luculescu, C.R. and Secu, M., "Spectroscopic ellipsometry investigations of Eu-doped oxy-fluoride glassand glass-ceramics", Optical Materials, Vol. 34, No. 8, (2012), 1493-1496.
8. Babu, P., Jang, K.H., Kim, E.S., Shi, L. and Seo, H.J., "Optical Properties and White-Light Emission in Dy3+-Doped Transparent Oxyfluoride Glass and Glass Ceramics Containing CaF2 Nanocrystals", Journal of the Korean Physical Society, Vol. 54, No. 4, (2009), 1488-1491. 
9. Chen, D., Wang, Y., Ma, E., Yu, Y. and Liu, F., "Partition, luminescence and energy transfer of Er3+/Yb3+ ions in oxyfluoride glass ceramic containing CaF2 nano-crystals", Optical Materials, Vol.29, No. 12, (2007), 1693-1699.
10. Hu, Z., Wang, Y., Ma, E., Chen, D. and Bao, F., "Microstructures and upconversion luminescence of Er3+ doped and Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped oxyfluoride glass ceramics", Materials Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 101, (2007), 234-237. 
11. Sun, X.-Y., Gu, M., Huang, S.-M., Jin, X.-J., Liu, X.-L., Liu, B. and Ni, C., "Luminescence behavior of Tb3+ ions in transparent glass and glass-ceramics containing CaF2 nanocrystals", Journal of Luminescence, Vol. 129, No. 8, (2009), 773-777. 
12. Lakshminarayana, G.,Yang, R., Mao, M., Qin, J. and Kityk, I. V.,"Photoluminescence of Sm3+, Dy3+, and Tm3+-doped transparent glass ceramics containing CaF2 nanocrystals", Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Vol. 355, (2009), 26682673.
13. Fu, J., Parker, J.M., Flower, P.S., and Brown, R.M., "Eu2+ ions and CaF2 containing transparent glass- ceramics", Materials Research Bulletin,Vol. 37, No. 11, (2002),1843- 1849. 
14. Sun, X.-Y. and Huang, S.-M., "Tb3+-activated SiO2–Al2O3–CaO–CaF2 oxyfluoride scintillating glass ceramics", Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics, Vol. 621, (2010), 322-325. 
15. Hill, R., Wood, D. and Thomas, M., "Trimethyl silylation analysis of the silicate structure of fluoro-alumino-silicate glasses and the structural role of fluorine", Journal of Materials Science, Vol. 34, No. 8, (1999), 1767-1774. 
16. Imanieh, M.H., EftekhariYekta, B., Marghussian, V., Shakhesi, S. and Martin, I.R., "Crystallization of nano calcium fluoride in CaF2–Al2O3–SiO2 system", Solid State Sciences, Vol. 17, (2013), 76- 82. 
17. Qiao, X., Fan, X., Wang, J. and Wang, M., "Luminescence behavior of Er3+ ions in glass–ceramics containing CaF2 nanocrystals", Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Vol. 351, No. 5, (2005), 357-363.
18. Aldica, G. and Secu, M., "Investigations of the non-isothermal crystallization of CaF2 nano particles in Sm- doped oxy-fluoride glasses", Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Vol. 356, (2010), 1631-1636. 
19. Sung, Y.-M, "Crystallization kinetics of fluoride nanocrystals in oxyfluoride glasses", Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids,  Vol. 358, No. 1, (2012), 36-39. 
20. Zhu, L., Zou, C., Luo, Z. and Lu, A., "Photoluminescence of Dy3+ and Sm3+: SiO2–Al2O3–LiF–CaF2 glasses", Physica B: Condensed Matter, Vol. 405, No. 21, (2010), 4401-4406. 
21. Shinozaki, K., Honma, T., Oh-ishi, K. and Komatsu, T., "Morphology of CaF2 nanocrystals and elastic properties in transparent oxyfluoride crystallized glasses", Optical Materials, Vol. 33, No. 8, (2011), 1350-1356. 
22. Yen, W.M., Shionoya, S. and Yamamota, H., Phosphor handbook, p. 192, Taylor and Francis Group, USA (2006). 
23. Khani, V. and Alizadeh, P., "Preparation and luminescence properties of Y-doped transparent glass-ceramics containing of lithium-mica nanocrystals", Journal of Science and Engineering, Vol. 1, No. 2, (2013), 61-68. 
24. Mondal, O. and Pal, M., "Unusual and strong emission in visible region from Mn2+ and Y3+ doped ZnO nanocrystals", Optical Materials, Vol.35, No. 8, (2013), 1520-1525. 
25. Secu, M., Secu, C.E., Polosan, S., Aldica, G. and Ghica, C., "Crystallization and spectroscopic properties of Eu-doped CaF2 nanocrystals in transparent oxyfluoride glass-ceramics", Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Vol. 355, (2009), 18691872.
26. Zhang, W.J., Chen, Q.J., Zhang Q.Y. and Jiang, Z.H., "Enhanced 2.0 μm emission in oxyfluoride glass-ceramics containing nanocrystals MF2 (MF3): Ho3+,Tm3+ (M=Ca, Ba, and La)" Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Vol. 357, (2011), 2278-2281. 
27. Chen, D., Wang, Y., Yu, Y., Ma, E., Bao, F., Hu, Z. and Cheng, Y., "Luminescence at 1.53mm for a new Er3+-doped transparent oxyfluoride glass ceramic", Materials Research Bulletin, Vol. 41, (2006), 1112-1117.