Waste Management of Building Ceramic Materials Using the DfD Technique: Sustainable Development and Environmentally Friendly


1 Engineering, Islamic Azad University Chalous Branch

2 Department of Construction Management, Iran University of Science & Technology


Nowadays, in modern societies, growing activities in construction affairs and their economic development have been resulted construction wastes and so much demolition in the past three decades. Most of these wastes have not been treated and therefore caused severe damages to the environment. In this research, after reviewing construction and demolition management methods and their accessories, the selected method, which is proportional with Iran circumstances and can be used as a design technique for disassembly in waste management, is suggested according to the implemented interviews and questionnaires. In this proposed method, it has been attempted to cover all economic, environmental, technical and social aspects of waste management in Iran and eliminated defects in methods offered in other studies. The present methodology is somewhat a descriptive manner that shows the recommended idea using sketch-up software, interviews and questionnaires in order to confirm the execution capability of the project. Results showed  that design for disassembly (DfD) technique in the field of ceramic floors, wall tiles and building facades is capable of decreasing environmental pollutions as a result of construction materials and can also increase economic advantages in construct and deconstruct stages until a sustainable construct compatible with the environment is achieved. 


Main Subjects

1. Rodríguez, G., Medina, C., Alegre, F.J., Asensio, E., Sanchez de Rojas, M.I., "Assessment of construction and demolition waste plant management in Spain: in pursuit of sustainability and eco-efficiency", Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol. 90, (2014), 16-24.
2. Dahlbo, H., Bacher, J., Lahtinen, K., Jouttijarvi, T., Suoheimo, P., Mattila, T., Sironen, S., Myllymaa, T., Saramaki, K. "Construction and demolition waste management-a holistic evaluation of environmental performance", Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol. 107, (2015), 333-341.
3. Sami, W.T., Akmal S.A., "Influence of recycled concrete aggregates on strength properties of concrete", Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 23, (2008), 1163-1167.
4. WMPCI., "Waste Management Plans in Construction Industry", From http://www.ukessays.com/dissertations/construction/site-waste-management-plans-in-construction-industry.php?cref=1. (2013).
5. Yuan, H., "A model for evaluating the social performance of construction waste management", Waste Management, Vol. 32, (2012), 1218-1228.
6. Tabnak., Disappointing Statistics on the Recycling of Construction Waste, https://www.tabnak.ir/fa/news/555905, (2016).
7. Magiran., Urban Construction Waste Management, http://www.magiran.com/npview.asp?ID=1663170, (2016).
8. Baraldi, L., World Production and Consumption of Ceramic Tiles, ACIMAC, www.mec-studies.com, (2018).
9. Yuan, H., "Key indicators for assessing the effectiveness of waste management in construction projects", Ecological Indicators, Vol. 24, (2012), 476-484.
10. Ekanayake, L., Ofori, G., "Building waste assessment score: design-based tool", Building and Environment, Vol. 39, (2004), 851-861.
11. Kulatunga, U., Amaratunga, D., Haigh, R., Rameezdeen, R., "Attitudes and perceptions of construction workforce on construction waste in Sri Lanka", Management of Environmental Quality: An International Journal, Vol. 17, (2006), 57-72.
12. Baldwin, A., Poon, C., Shen, L., Austin, S, Wong, I., "Designing out waste in high-rise residential buildings: analysis of precasting methods and traditional construction", Renewable Energy, Vol. 34, (2009), 2067-2073.
13. Wang, J.Y., Li, Z.D., Tam, V.W.Y., "Critical factors in effective construction waste minimization at the design stage: a Shenzhen case study, China", Resources, Conservation and Recycling, Vol. 82, (2014), 1-7.
14. Lu, W., Yuan, H., "Exploring critical success factors for waste management in construction projects of China", Resources, Conservation and Recycling, Vol. 55, (2010), 201-208.
15. Udawatta, N., Zuo, J., Chiveralls, K., Zillante, G., "Improving waste management in construction projects: An Australian study", Resources, Conservation and Recycling, Vol. 101, (2015), 73-83.
16. DfD., Design for Disassembly in the built environment: a guide to closed-loop design and building, http://www. your.kingcounty.gov/solidwaste/greenbuilding/documents/Design_for_Disassembly-guide.pdf, (2005).
17. Rios, F.C., Chong, W.K., Grau, D., "Design for disassembly and deconstruction - challenges and opportunities", Procedia Engineering, Vol. 118, (2015), 1296-1304.
18. Raja Ghazilla, R.A., Sakundarini, N., Taha, Z., Abdul Rashid, S.H., Yusoff, S., "Design for environment and design for disassembly practices in Malaysia: A practitioner’s perspectives", Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol. 108, (2015), 331-342.
19. Tatyana P.S., Beyond Economic Growth: An Introduction to Sustainable Development, Second Edition, WBI Learning Resources Series, World Bank Institute. (2004).
20. Tavakolia, D., Heidari, A., Karimian, M., "Properties of concrete produced with waste ceramic tile aggregate", Asian Journal of Civil Engineering, Vol. 14, (2013), 369-382.
21. Zimbili, O., Salim, W., Ndambuki, M., “A review on the usage of ceramic wastes in concrete production”, International Journal of Civil, Environmental, Structural, Construction and Architectural Engineering, Vol. 8, (2014), 91-95.
22. Tabak, Y., Kara, M., Gunay, E., Yildirim, S.T., Yilmaz, S., Ceramic tile waste as a waste management solution for concrete, 3rd International Conference on Industrial and Hazardous Waste Management, Chania (Crete, GR), September 12-14th, (2012).
23. Awoyera, P.O., Ndambuki. J.M., Akinmusuru, J.O., Omole, D.O., "Characterization of ceramic waste aggregate concrete", HBRC Journal, Vol. 14, (2018), 282-287.
24. Subaşi, S., Öztürk, H., Emiroğlu, M., "Utilizing of waste ceramic powders as filler material in self-consolidating concrete", Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 149, (2017), 567-574.
25. Cabalar, A.F., Hassan, D.I., Abdulnafaa, M.D., "Use of waste ceramic tiles for road pavement subgrade", Road Materials and Pavement Design, Vol. 18, (2017), 882-896.
26. García-González, J., Rodríguez-Robles, D., Juan-Valdés, A., Morán-del Pozo, J., Guerra-Romero, M.I., "Ceramic ware waste as coarse aggregate for structural concrete production", Environmental Technology, Vol. 36, (2015), 3050-3059.
27. Jalali-Bazehur, M., Hatefi-Kargan, N., Hatefi, Y., "Enhancing the bioactivity of a calcium phosphate glass-ceramic with controlled heat treatment", Advanced Ceramics Progress (ACERP), Vol. 3, (2017), 31-37.
28. Buildings Specification Code., Plan And Budjet Organization, http://bpms.mporg.ir/, (2016).
29. HBRC., Road, Housing and Urban Development Research Center, http://www.bhrc.ac.ir/en, (2016).