Waste Management of Building Ceramic Materials Using the DfD Technique: Sustainable Development and Environmentally Friendly


1 Engineering, Islamic Azad University Chalous Branch

2 Department of Construction Management, Iran University of Science & Technology


Nowadays, in modern societies, growing activities in construction affairs and their economic development have been resulted construction wastes and so much demolition in the past three decades. Most of these wastes have not been treated and therefore caused severe damages to the environment. In this research, after reviewing construction and demolition management methods and their accessories, the selected method, which is proportional with Iran circumstances and can be used as a design technique for disassembly in waste management, is suggested according to the implemented interviews and questionnaires. In this proposed method, it has been attempted to cover all economic, environmental, technical and social aspects of waste management in Iran and eliminated defects in methods offered in other studies. The present methodology is somewhat a descriptive manner that shows the recommended idea using sketch-up software, interviews and questionnaires in order to confirm the execution capability of the project. Results showed  that design for disassembly (DfD) technique in the field of ceramic floors, wall tiles and building facades is capable of decreasing environmental pollutions as a result of construction materials and can also increase economic advantages in construct and deconstruct stages until a sustainable construct compatible with the environment is achieved.